Governance

At the Council Chamber, Whitehall

The 16th day of September, 1959

By the Lords of Her Majesty’s Most Honourable

Privy Council

WHEREAS the General Court of the Royal Humane Society has, in exercise of the powers in that behalf conferred by the Charter of the said Society, approved the first Bye-laws of the said Society.

AND WHEREAS, in pursuance of Article 18 of the said Charter the said first Bye-Laws have been submitted to the Lords of the Privy Council for approval.

NOW THEREFORE Their Lordships, having taken the said first Bye-laws into consideration, are pleased to approve the same as set forth in the Schedule to this Order

W.G. Agnew.

SCHEDULE

BYE-LAWS OF THE ROYAL HUMANE SOCIETY

  1. The members of the Society shall consist of its Life Governors and Governors for the time being and for the purposes of these Bye-Laws the term “Governor” shall include “Life Governor”.
  1. Any person who, for the time being, makes an annual subscription to the Society of one guinea shall be a Governor, and any person who has at any time made a donation of ten guineas to the Society shall be a Life Governor. The first named Executor of any person bequeathing a legacy of at least £50 to the Society shall be eligible for election at any General Court of the Society as a Life Governor. The President shall ex officio be a Life Governor.
  1. The Annual General Court of the Society shall be held as near Lady Day in each year as the Committee shall decide.
  1. All General Courts other that the Annual General Court shall be termed Special General Courts.
  1. All governors shall be entitled to attend and vote at any General Court of the Society.
  1. (i) At least 21 clear days before the date fixed for each Annual General Court or for any Special General Court a notice of such meeting of the General court shall be served on all Governors either personally or through the post in a prepaid letter addressed to each Governor at his Registered address as appearing in the register of members.
    (ii) Any Governor described in the register of members by an address not within the United Kingdom, who shall from time to time give the Society an address within United Kingdom at which notice may be served upon him, shall be entitled to have notices served upon him at such address, but save as foresaid, no Governor other than a Governor described in the register of members by an address within the United Kingdom shall be entitled to receive any notice from the Society.
    (iii) Any notice, if served by post, shall be deemed to have been served on the day following that on which the letter containing the same is put into the post, and in proving such service it shall be sufficient to prove that the letter containing the notice was properly addressed and put into the post office as a pre-paid letter.
  1. Questions arising at a General Court shall be decided on a show of hands unless a ballot is demanded by five Governors; in case of an equality of votes, the chairman shall have a second or casting vote.
  1. The management of the Society is vested in the Committee, and the Committee shall consist of the President, The Treasurer and Chairman, the Deputy Chairman, and not less than 7 and not more than 20 Governors of the Society.
  1. The first Committee shall consist of the members of the Committee existing under the rules for the management of the unincorporated Association referred to Article 18 of the Charter.
  1. The Committee shall meet at least once every three months and may adjourn and otherwise regulate their meetings as they think fit. Questions arising at any meeting shall be decided by a majority of votes. In the case of an equality of votes the Chairman shall have a second or casting vote. The Treasurer and Chairman or the Deputy Chairman may the Secretary on the requisition of three members of the Committee shall, at any time, summon a meeting of the Committee. Seven clear days’ notice shall be given to all members of any meeting but it shall not be necessary to give notice of a meeting to any member of the Committee for the time being absent from the United Kingdom.
  1. At each Annual General Court the Treasurer and Chairman and Deputy Chairman, and one third of the other members of the Committee (other than the President but including any member thereof retiring under Bye-law 12 below), or, if their number is not a multiple of three, then the number nearest one third shall retire from office but shall be eligible for re-election. Any officer or Governor retiring shall retire with effect from the conclusion of the Annual General Court. The first members of the Committee to retire shall be those who have been longest in office and, as between members of the Committee who have been in office of any equal length of time, the members of the Committee to retire shall be chosen by lot.
  1. The Committee may appoint a Governor to fill any casual vacancy of the Committee until the next Annual General Court. Any Governor so appointed shall retire at such Annual General Court but shall be eligible for election at such meeting.
  1. The continuing members of the Committee may act notwithstanding any vacancy in their body but, if and so long as their number is reduced below the number fixed by these Bye-laws the continuing members may act for the purpose of increasing the number of members of the Committee to that number but for no other purpose.
  1. At each Annual General court the following elections shall take place:-
    • The election of a President (if such office is vacant).
    • The election of a Vice-President.
    • The election of a Treasurer and Chairman and of a Deputy Chairman.
    • The election of members of the committee to fill vacancies caused by retirement by rotation as hereinbefore provided or for any other reason.
  1. The office of a member of the Committee shall be vacated if he:-
    • becomes bankrupt or makes any agreement or composition with his creditors generally; or
    • becomes of unsound mind: or
    • resigns his office by notice in writing to the Committee; or
    • shall for more than twelve months have been absent without the permission of the Committee from Committee meetings held during that period: or
    • is called on to resign by the Committee; or
    • ceases to be a Governor.
  1. A Special General Court of the Society may be called either by the Treasurer and Chairman (or in his absence by the Deputy Chairman) or by the requisition in writing of ten Governors of the Society addressed to the Secretary.
  1. For the purposes of any General Court of the Society, five Governors shall constitute a quorum and each Governor shall have one vote.
  1. For the purposes of a meeting of the Committee three members of the Committee shall form a quorum.
  1. The Committee shall appoint a Secretary of the Society upon such terms including remuneration and pension rights as they think fit and shall define his duties. The Committee shall also have power subject to the terms of any existing contract to remove the Secretary. The Secretary shall, subject to the approval of the Committee, engage and dismiss other servants of the Society.
  1. The Committee may delegate any of their powers to sub-committees consisting of such members or members of their body as they think fit; any committee so formed shall in the exercise of the powers so delegated conform to any regulation that may be imposed on in by the Committee.
  1. Any sub-committee appointed as aforesaid as an investment sub-committee may exercise the investment powers of the Committee and may include not more than three persons who are not Governors of the Society and such persons shall be entitled to receive notices and attend and speak at any meeting of such sub-committee but shall have no right to vote thereat.
  1. The Committee may with the authorisation of a General Court effect registration of the investments of the Society or any of them in the names of any bank nominee company and such authorisation shall be evidenced by a minute of the resolution sealed pursuant to a resolution passed at a General Court.
  1. The Committee shall have powers to invest all monies of the Society.
    • In or upon any investments authorised by Section I of the Trustee Act 1925, as amended from time to time, but without the limitations imposed by the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 2 of the said Act, or in or upon any other investments for the time being authorised by law for the investment of trust funds; or
    • in or upon any of the securities of the Government of any country within the Commonwealth, or the Government of any Province or State in any such country that has a separate legislature, or of the Government of the United states of America; or
    • in or upon any mortgages or other securities of any Municipality, County or District Council or local or public authority or Board in any country within the Commonwealth, or in any Province or State within any such country, or within the United states of America; or
    • in or upon any mortgages or other securities the capital whereof or a minimum rate of interest or dividend whereon is guaranteed by the Government of any country within the Commonwealth, or of any Province or State in any such country that has a separate legislature, or by the Government of the United States of America; or
    • in or upon the bonds, debentures, debenture stock or mortgages or the fully paid guaranteed or preference or ordinary stock or shares or ordinary preferred or deferred or other stock or shares of any company incorporated either by Royal Charter or under any general or special Act of the United Kingdom Parliament or any general or special enactment of the legislature of any other country within the Commonwealth or of the United States of America, having an issued or paid up share capital of at least £750,000 or its equivalent at the current rates of exchange, being stocks or shares which are quoted upon a recognised stock exchange in any country within the Commonwealth or the United States of America, and so that in the case of a company having shares of no par value, such paid up capital shall be deemed to include the capital sum (other than capital surplus) appearing in the company’s accounts in respect of such shares.
Provided always that no investment shall be made in any ordinary stocks or shares unless the Company shall have paid dividends thereon at the rate of at least 5 per centum per annum for at least four years prior to the date of the investment or, in the case of shares having no par value, the company shall have paid a dividend thereon for at least six years prior to the date of investment, and that the total amount at any time standing invested in investments authorised by this sub-paragraph as shown by the books of the Society shall not exceed fifty per centum of the total amount of such sum standing invested in any investments hereby authorised as appearing in such books. For the purpose of valuing the investments authorised by this sub-paragraph and held by the Society, the minimum price to be taken for each security shall be the cost price thereof to the Society; or

    • in the purchase of freehold groundrents or freehold or leasehold land, messuages, tenements and hereditaments within the United Kingdom, provided that as regards leaseholds, the term thereof shall have at least 60 years to run: or
    • upon the security of freehold property, freehold groundrents, land charges or rent charges, by way of first mortgage, up to the limit of two thirds of the value.
  1. The Committee may elect honorary representatives and honorary medical assistants of the Society who need not be Governors of the Society. Any person so appointed shall hold such office during the pleasure of the Committee.
  1. An auditor or auditors shall be appointed at each Annual General Court of the Society to examine and audit the accounts of the Society. His remuneration shall be fixed by the Committee. Provided that no person shall be qualified to be appointed as auditor unless he is a member of a body of accountants established in the United Kingdom and for the time being recognised by the Board of Trade for the purposes of section 161 (1) of the Companies Act, 1948.
  1. The proceedings of business of importance transacted at the different meetings together with cases, or whatever may be to the advantage of the Society or the furtherance of its objects, may from time to time be published at the discretion of the Committee.
  1. The Committee shall decide upon the award of all medals and other awards given by the Society with the exception of the Stanhope gold medal; this award shall be decided upon by the General Court on the recommendations of the Committee.
  1. The Committee shall have power to make pecuniary awards of sums not exceeding £5 in each case, provided that the total of such awards shall not exceed £40 in any one year.
  1. Applications for awards by the Society should be submitted within two months of the occurrence if the action took place in the British Isles, and within eighteen months in cases at sea and beyond the seas. A longer period will only be considered in special circumstances.
  1. Applications should be accompanied if possible by written statements by witnesses and supported by the evidence of two responsible persons acquainted with the circumstances of each case.
  1. All cheques on the bankers of the Society shall be signed by the Chairman of the Meeting of the Committee authorising the expenditure and one other member of the Committee and be counter-signed by the Secretary or, in his absence, by a third member of the Committee. Any cheque so signed but not previously passed for payment shall be reported to the next meeting of the Committee. No payments whatever may be made excepting under the authority of the Committee. All items of an extraordinary nature, together with totals of bills approved, are to be recorded in the Minutes.
  1. (i) The Society shall cause proper books of account to be kept with respect to all sums of money received and expended by the Society and to the assets and liabilities of the Society. Proper books shall not be deemed to be kept if there are not kept such books of accounts as are necessary to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Society and to explain its transactions.
    (ii) At the Annual General Court in every year the Committee shall lay before the Governors a proper income and expenditure account for that period since the last preceding account (on in the case of the first account since the incorporation of the Society) made up to a date not more than four months before such General Court, together with a proper balance sheet made up as at the same date.
    (iii) Every such balance sheet shall be accompanied by a report of the Committee and a report of the auditors, and a copy of such account, balance sheet and report shall within six months after each Annual General Court be sent to all persons entitled to receive notice of General Courts.
  1. The seal of the Society shall be kept under the control of the Society. It shall be used only under the authority of the Committee and every instrument to which the sea shall be affixed shall be signed by a member of the Committee and shall be countersigned by the Secretary or by a second member of the Committee.
  1. A Governor may resign from the Society by giving notice in writing of his resignation to the Secretary.
  1. The Bye-laws of the Society may be revoked, altered or added to in General Court in the manner provided by Article 19 of the Charter.